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Tiger/Line® Shapefiles

  • TIGER/Line®Shapefiles are spatial extracts from the Census Bureau's MAF/TIGER database, containing features such as roads, railroads, rivers, as well as legal and statistical geographic areas.
  • They are made available to the public for no charge and are typically used to provide the digital map base for a Geographic Information System or for mapping software.
  • They are designed for use with geographic information system (GIS) software. The TIGER/Line® Shapefiles do not include demographic data, but they contain geographic entity codes that can be linked to the Census Bureau's demographic data, available on this site or through the Census Burea American FactFinder

2009 TIGER/Line® Shapefiles

  • Extracts containing geographic and cartographic information from the Census Bureau's MAF/TIGER® (Master Address File/Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing) database.
  • The files provide the digital map base for a Geographic Information System or mapping software. The files do not contain any mapping software.
  • They include spatial data for geographic features such as roads, railroads, rivers, and lakes, as well as legal and statistical geographic areas.
  • The geographic entity codes needed to link the Census Bureau's demographic data to the geography are included in the files. The TIGER/Line Shapefiles do not contain any demographic data; it must be downloaded separately.
  • Metadata in Extensible Markup Language (XML) format is included with each compressed file.

Downloads

  • State Shapefiles
    These files consist of one .zip file for each shapefile for the entire state. For example, the tl_2009_48_place00.zip file contains the layer for the Census 2000 Place polygons for the State of Texas.
  • County Shapefiles
    These files consist of one .zip file for all shapefiles within a county. For example, the 48201_Harris.zip file contains all layers for Harris county.

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently asked questions about TIGER/Line® Shapefiles.

More detailed information on the 2009 TIGER/Line® Shapefiles can be found at http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/tgrshp2009/tgrshp2009.html.

If you need further information concerning the content of the TIGER/Line® Shapefiles, please contact the Geographic Products Branch, Geography Division at geo.tiger@census.gov. The telephone number is (301) 763-1128.